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Technical Specifications

Specifications

Reconstructions

Accommodation

Equipment

Improvements

Sailing conditions

Fischerei-Smack, 1909 von Douglas Stone gebaut

Specifications

Type of ship: Essex oyster smack

Yard: Aldous, Brightlingsea, Essex, England

Year of construction: 1906

Materials: Pitch-pine on oak frames

Restorations: 1965 -1968,1979 -1980, 1999

Length over deck: 34' 8''

Length over spars: 45'

Beam: 9' 7''

Draught: 4' 6''

Displacement: 9,7 to

Type of rigging: Gaff cutter

Sail area: 1.020 sq. feet

Engine: 35 hp Volvo Diesel

Home port: Colchester

 

 

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Major Reconstructions (all done by recognized boatyards in Germany, Holland and Denmark)

1982 - new stem, beams, knees, stringers and aproximatly 1/3 new planking (Afzeiia)

- complete new engine (Volvo MD 17C - 35 hp), bedding, gearbox, shaft, propeller, tanks etc.

- new electricity system (12 V)

1989 - complete reconstruction of the stern section, as beams, planking, stringers, topsides etc.

1992 - complete new decks planking (larch) incl. total renewal of all deck beams and knees (grown oak)

- new set of sails

1999 - about 80 meters of new planking ( underwater middle section) total recaulking of the hull

- 100 % new rig (standing + running)

- total overhaul of beams and spars, new bowsprit

2003 - total overhaul of engine

- new lightweight topmast, new rig

2004 - renewal of 7 oak frames and 5 1/2 planks

- new electric wiring

- partly new cabin floor

2005 - renewal of mast foot and rig

- replacement of bowsprit from douglas fir and new topmast

- new stern tube and rudder blade fastening

- renewal of bulwark, sheer rail and 5 stanchions on starboard

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Accommodation

Rustic solid pinewood interior - 1 double berth in the forecastie with lockers and shelves + toilet - 2 single berths in the cabin with lockers and shelves, - Mahagony Table and benches for 4 people - Ships oven with coppersheated briquette bunker - Galley with 2-flamed paraffin cooker, Inox rinsing sink with bronze water pumps and lots of lockers - Chart table with shelve, extra shelve for paraffin Position Lights, Flags etc. - Chain Locker and Rope and Sail Store in forecastle peak - Basic Electric Lighting (12V), additional cabin lighting with paraffin lamps.

Equipment

One set of sails (Dracon) plus second Jib and Jib Topsail - windlass with 60 m galvanised chain, 1 anchor 40 kg & 1 C-Q-R anchor 45 lbs - electric and hand bilge pumps - historic compass with lighting on deck - Garmin GPS - electronic depth sounder - mechanical sumlog - electric toplight - paraffin anchor and position lights - life belt, emergency signals, fog hom, searchlight, bathing ladder etc - mainsail cover all over winter cover fenders, ropes, tools, repair kits, engine spare parts etc. dishes, pots and pans.

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Improvements

Improvements of the gaff rig (for single-handed sailing in fair weather) Mainsail: a better cut mainsail is set with two ganged winches with differing sizes (diameters) - fixed to the mast above the spider band (fiferail) - in order to set peak and throat halyard simultaniously. - gaff and mainsail are caught by lazy jacks on each topping lift, which are rigged with one halyard. - mainsheet winch (preferable classic) with two gears near tiller, but keeping tackle rigged. Jib: furling and reefing of jib rigged to jib traveller, size adjustments from as far aft as possible. Topsail: custom top sail is bent to top spar by hoops permanently. It is furled (dowsed) by a special folding mechanism on a tripping line on the mast with folding wooden plates, similar arrangement as on some American schooners. See picture: no changes are necassary in the forestaysail.

Present condition of rig: Ropes: partly new, partly OK, partly reneable. Sails: mainsail, topsail, staysail and jib are from Dacron. The mainsail needs renewal, the topsail is cut wrongly. !!!A flying jib is an option!!!

A possible later addition: mechanism of wooden latch for tiller - a simple mechanical foldaway in lining.

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Sailing conditions

very good manoeuvring qualities, low freeboard, though quite wet, sailing conditions: fast racing sailer, possible speed: 8-10 knots, engine: very reliable, 7 knots, 1,5 - 2,5 l/h diesel.

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Riss einer typischen Smack um 1880

 

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BETTY smacks cruising the Estuary janholthusen